BAGNI SAN FILIPPO (25 km)
Bagni San Filippo is a small thermal village immersed in the green forests of Mount Amiata. The calcium carbonate waters that sprung from various springs were already known to the Romans as evidenced by some archaeological finds.
The thermal baths were attended by illustrious figures belonging to the Medici family, such as Lorenzo il Magnifico, who went there in 1485, and Grand Duke Ferdinand II, that in 1635 attempted to free himself from a persistent "headache". The Baths were restored in 1566 by Cosimo I de 'Medici's.
The name of the place recalls the vicissitudes of San Filippo Benizi, prior to the Florentine Order of the Servi di Maria, who in 1296 took refuge in a small village not far from the springs to escape the election to the pontificate of the conclave of Viterbo.
The slope of Monte Amiata, where Bagni San Filippo is located, is characterized by the limestone deposits formed by the water that flows from the rocks. Over the millennia these outcrops have created abundant concretions; The most spectacular ones overlook the Rondinaia torrent, also called "Fosso BIanco" for the color of its waters. The most impressive concrete appears to us as a solidified waterfall and is known as the "Balena Bianca".
At the end of the eighteenth century Giorgio Santi carried out a first chemical analysis of the waters and in the nineteenth century Antonio Targioni Tozzetti carefully studied them, while Giuseppe Giuli evaluated her therapeutic properties. The waters of Bagni San Filippo are classified as hyperthermal sulfur sulphate-bicarbonate. Their temperature at source is 52 ° C. They are particularly suitable for balneotherapy, fangobalneotherapy, inhalation and for the treatment of osteo-neuro-articular diseases, ear, nose and throat diseases, respiratory illness and dermatological diseases.
Today, the San Filippo Baths, with their modern facilities, are a destination for relaxing holidays and offer, thanks to the healing properties of their waters, a valuable remedy against various affections. But even nature lovers here can enjoy this resource of nature freely.